Bangladesh, officially named as “The People’s Republic of Bangladesh.” Situated at the deltaic mouth of the Ganges, Bangladesh stretches between 20.34 degree and 26.38 degree north latitude and 88.01 degree and 92.41 degree east longitude. The country occupies a strategic position in South Asia having border with India and Myanmar and Bay of Bengal.

The population of Bangladesh as of estimate of 2009 was 162 million, about which 90% are Muslim, and the minorities consist of other religions such as Hindus, Christians and Buddists. Usually the temperature in winter season varies from 9 to 12 degree Celsius and in summer 25 degree to 30 degree Celsius.

Bangla is the national and official Language. English is widely spoken and understood. Dhaka is capital city. Is a democratic county having the parliamentary form of Government. The major cites are Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal and Sylhet while the international airports are located in Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet. The Principal crops are Rice, Wheat, Jute, Cotton, Tea, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oil seeds, spices, potatotes, green vegetables, banana, mango, coconut.

Principal Industries are Jute and Cotton, Textile, Garment, Tea, Sugar, etc.

Principal Imports are manufactured goods, Machineries, Transports, Petroleum products, chemicals, edible oils, etc. while Principal Exports are Jute materials, readymade garments, Leather, Frozen shrimps, Ships, Fruits and handicrafts.


People's Republic of Bangladesh

and largest city
23°42′N 90°21′E
Official languages Bengali
Recognized English
Ethnic groups
  • 98% Bengali
  • 2% Minorities
  • 86.6% Islam
  • 12.1% Hinduism
  • 0.6% Buddhism
  • 0.4% Christianity
  • 0.3% Others
Demonym Bangladeshi
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
dominant party system
Formation and independence
• Partition of Bengal and end of the British Raj
14-15 August 1947
• Independence declared from Pakistan
26 March 1971
• Recognized
16 December 1971
• Constitution
4 November 1972
• Last territorial admission
31 July 2015


• Total
147,570 km2 (56,980 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2015 estimate
• 2011 census
• Density
1,319/km2 (3,416.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$572.440 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$205.327 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2010) 32.1
HDI (2015)  0.570
Currency Taka () (BDT)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)